A vacuum cleaner is always better than a broom and brush for cleaning dirt and other small particles from hard surfaces. A vacuum cleaner can easily remove dirt and small debris without releasing it like a broom.
For various reasons, you may not have a vacuum, or your current vacuum is too small for the job. Our guide on how to make a vacuum is a great resource. It will allow you to create your vacuum easily.
How the vacuum works
DIYers need to understand how vacuums work to be able to design their designs.
There are three central units on a standard vacuum cleaner. Each team has its job and contributes to the overall setup.
What you’ll need to make a DIY vacuum
It would help if you now had some ideas for DIY projects after learning about the components of a vacuum cleaner. After trying a few, I will share my take on the materials available for a homemade vacuum cleaner.
A regular 1.5L plastic water container can be used for the vacuum’s body, but a shampoo bottle might also work. It would help if you did not use any container that is too cylindrical as the fan will be installed inside. A large chunk of PVC tubing is another option.
For the standard cleaning head of your DIY stick vacuum, you can use PVC pipes with bends or solid PVC. To make a standard handheld head, cut the PVC pipe. Flexible pipes can also make tubes that look like a regular vacuum.
Motor and fan
You will need to attach specific motor models to your vacuum cleaner for it to start up. A standard 30V motor is sufficient for DIY handheld vacuums. Any engine less than 30V will not provide the required cleaning power. You can choose to have more energy, but it will generate more noise and consume more of your power sources.
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Filters are necessary to prevent dust and debris from entering the motor and vacuum. This will ultimately defeat the purpose of vacuuming. You will usually need two filters to control the majority of dirt and fine dust.
A simple piece of foam can be used to create the first layer of the filter.
The power source
DIYers have two options for powering their vacuum cleaner. You can attach the motor to the matching battery unit or use the existing power source to power your vacuum cleaner on the move. We recommend that you use wire if you are comfortable with the wiring. However, setting up the regulators and modules will take more work.
Tools and other items
- You’ll use many tools to create the DIY parts throughout the process.
- A hand saw is required to cut the vacuum body and other parts.
- When designing or refining metal sheets, a snip is a great tool.
- When assembling or constructing a machine, certain adhesives are needed.
- When designing vacuums and creating ventilation, a drill is handy.
- You can use markers to design and adjust parts.
- Although not always available, an electric welder is an excellent tool for connecting wires and units. You can also connect them with gel glue if needed.
Now it is time to get started on your powerful vacuum cleaner. These step-by-step instructions will help you navigate the essential stages of making a vacuum cleaner. These instructions are comprehensive, so make sure you read them all. You can also add your interpretations to each step to create your DIY vacuum cleaner using whatever materials.
Designing the parts and executing them
To create a flexible vacuum unit that can be assembled securely, you should begin working on the vacuum’s body.
You can cut the middle of the shampoo or water bottle to make it smaller for those who use plastic water bottles.
Motor and fan assembly
Next, design the fan and motor of your vacuum cleaner. You’ll need to use the prepared metal sheet and mark the size of the fan. You should ensure that the fan is small enough for the machine to spin without touching the walls.
Setting up power sources
You can prepare the rechargeable batteries with the correct voltage and power, then attach them to the wires to run the vacuum cleaner.
If you want to run your device with power directly from the outlet, there are more steps. You need to make a power regulator unit using voltage regulators and modules.
Designing and Adding the Filters
After you have completed most of the work, you can start to tailor the filters to fit the inside of your machine. To make a foam filter, you will need to use any foam with the right thickness. Then use scissors or razor blades to shape it into a circular shape. To ensure that the filter fits better in your vacuum container, keep the filter profile relatively large.
Assembly of the vacuum machine
Once everything is ready, you can refine the parts and assemble your vacuum cleaner. You can remove the edges of the fan blades to prevent damage to the inner walls. Ensure you check the connections, especially the motor, to ensure they are secure. Start assembling the pieces and testing your vacuum to verify that it works.