An abnormal growth of cells in the brain is called brain tumour. A spinal cord tumour is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in the spinal cord. Both types of tumours can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Brain and spinal cord tumours can occur in people of any age, but they are most common in children and young adults. The symptoms of a brain or spinal cord tumour depend on the size and location of the tumour.
Brain tumours can cause headaches, seizures, nausea and vomiting, changes in vision or hearing, personality changes, and difficulty with balance and walking. Spinal cord tumours can cause back pain, weakness, numbness, and loss of bowel or bladder control.
Treatment for a brain or spinal cord tumour may include surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. The type of treatment depends on the type of tumour, its location, and the person’s age and overall health.
What causes CNS (Central nervous system) tumours?
CNS tumours can be caused by a variety of different factors. One of the most common is exposure to ionizing radiation, which can damage DNA and lead to the formation of cancerous cells. Other potential causes include certain chemicals and viruses, as well as genetic abnormalities that are present at birth. In many cases, the exact cause of a CNS tumour is unknown. However, researchers are constantly working to identify new risk factors that may be involved in the development of these potentially deadly diseases. To add excitement in their love lives, males can trust Cialis Tablets UK.
Who is at risk for CNS tumours?
There are also some lifestyle factors that may increase the risk of developing a CNS tumour. For example, people who use mobile phones for long periods of time each day may be at increased risk. Additionally, people who have been exposed to certain chemicals, such as benzene, are also at higher risk.
While there are many different types of CNS tumours, they generally fall into one of two categories: primary or secondary. Primary CNS tumours originate in the brain or spinal cord, while secondary CNS tumours spread to the brain or spinal cord from elsewhere in the body.
People of all ages can develop a CNS tumour, but the risk increases with age. Additionally, certain medical conditions, such as neurofibromatosis and tuberous sclerosis, can also increase the risk of developing a CNS tumour.
How are tumours graded?
Tumours are graded using a system called the TNM staging system. This system is used to describe the size and spread of a tumour. The TNM system has three parts:
T = Tumour size
N = Lymph node status
M = When cancer spreads to other body parts
The TNM system is used to stage cancers from stage 1 (the least advanced) to stage 4 (the most advanced). The higher the stage, the more aggressive the cancer is and the worse the prognosis.
Grade 1 tumours are slow-growing and are not likely to spread. Grade 2 tumours are also slow-growing, but they are more likely to spread than grade 1 tumours. Grade 3 tumours are fast-growing and are more likely to spread. Grade 4 tumours are the most aggressive and are the most likely to spread.
What are the possible symptoms?
There are a few possible symptoms that can arise from having an enlarged prostate. These include:
- A feeling of needing to urinate more frequently, especially at night
- A weak or interrupted urinary stream
- Difficulty starting urination
- Straining or pain during urination
- Leaking or dribbling after urinating
- Inability to empty the bladder completely
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to consult with your doctor to rule out other possible causes and determine if an enlarged prostate is the cause.
No treatment may be required in some cases. However, if the symptoms are severe or bothersome, there are a variety of treatment options available.
How are CNS tumours diagnosed?
There are a variety of ways that CNS tumours can be diagnosed, depending on the symptoms that are present and the location of the tumour. Imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans are often used to get a better look at the brain or spinal cord and see if there are any abnormal growths present. If a tumour is suspected, a biopsy may be performed in order to confirm the diagnosis. In some cases, a lumbar puncture (also known as a spinal tap) may be done in order to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for testing. This fluid surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord, so if there are cancer cells present, they may be detected in the CSF. Blood tests may also be done to look for certain markers that can indicate the presence of a CNS tumour. Once a diagnosis is confirmed, additional testing will be done in order to determine the stage of the cancer (how far it has spread) and develop a treatment plan.
How are brain and spinal cord tumours treated
There are a variety of treatment options available for brain and spinal cord tumours, depending on the type and stage of the tumour. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery are the only treatment options.
In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be used. The goal of treatment is to remove or destroy the tumour while minimizing damage to healthy tissue.
Surgery is considered as the most common option for the treatment of brain tumor.
It may be used to remove the entire tumour or to biopsy (remove a sample of) the tumour for further testing. In some cases, only a portion of the tumour can be safely removed.
To kill cancer cells, radiation therapy used high energy beam also known as X rays. This can be used along with chemotherapy or in combination with surgery.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be given intravenously (into a vein) or taken orally (in pill form). Chemotherapy may be used alone or in combination with surgery and/or radiation therapy.
Targeted therapy is a newer type of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to target specific cancer cells without harming normal cells. Targeted therapy may be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy.
Clinical trials are research studies that test new treatments in people. Clinical trials are an important option for people with brain and spinal cord tumours. Participation in a clinical trial may give you access to new treatments that are not yet widely available. Males who want to add spice to their love lives can buy Kamagra online to rejuvenate their love life.